Dog Breeds with the Shortest Lifespans


When considering dog adoption, their lifespan often plays a pivotal role in prospective owners’ decisions, with shortest lifespan dog breeds potentially dissuading those seeking long-term commitments. While genetics influence lifespan, diseases, notably cancer, emerge as the primary factor behind shortened lifespans. According to a comprehensive study from 1999, the average lifespan due to natural causes was 12 years and eight months, with only 8% of over 3,000 dogs studied surpassing 15 years.

Dogue de Bordeaux: 5 to 7 years


The “DDB” is a sizable canine companion well-suited for apartment living, content with moderate activity levels. Their protectiveness and courage render them excellent watchdogs. Moreover, their friendliness and training from early stages are crucial in preventing hostility. Given their substantial size, unintentional harm to individuals is a risk, underscoring the importance of responsible handling and training. The “DDB” does well with companionship and benefits from regular interactions with humans and other dogs. 

Great Dane: 6 to 8 years


Great Danes, known for their affection and devotion, thrive in households with little ones and other animals. They are able to fit into bustling family dynamics with their playful and energetic demeanor. However, respecting their physical boundaries to prevent injuries necessitates scheduled rest periods during vigorous activities. Their vitality and sheer size can inadvertently cause harm, particularly in instances of enthusiastic jumping or unintentional knocks. Did you know that the popular cartoon dog Scooby-Doo was also a Great Dane?

Bernese Mountain Dog: 6 to 8 years

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The Bernese Mountain Dog thrives in cooler climates. Its thick coat insulates against chilly temperatures, reflecting its origins as a working breed. Berners display smartness and a desire to please, making them highly trainable companions. Berners face the challenge of a relatively short lifespan, a factor often associated with larger dog breeds. Researchers continue to investigate the genetic and environmental factors contributing to this breed’s shorter life expectancy, shedding light on potential avenues for improving their health and well-being.

Irish Wolfhound: 7 to 9 years

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Known as the “Greyhounds of Ireland,” dogs of this breed exhibit remarkable speed and strength, embodying a formidable yet friendly presence. Irish Wolfhounds forge bonds with individuals and other animals effortlessly, though their imposing stature is a natural deterrent to intruders. Prominent as one of the tallest breeds recognized by the AKC, they paradoxically boast one of the shortest age limits among canines, underscoring the importance of early obedience training to instill good behavior habits. 

Bullmastiff: 7 to 10 years

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Despite their historical roots as war dogs, Mastiffs have evolved into much gentler creatures, well-suited for family life when properly socialized and trained. Their intelligence may be moderate, and they can display stubborn tendencies, requiring the guidance of an experienced trainer to unlock their full potential. While Mastiffs are notorious for their drooling, farting, and snorting habits, they compensate with easy-to-care-for coats and minimal shedding.

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog: 8 to 10 years

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Hailing from a working dog lineage, the “Swissy” remains inherently inclined towards tasks and enjoys household chores and mastering new tricks. Even though they have  brief lifespans, they excel as companions for leisurely walks or dog sports, as depicted above. Keeping your Swissy occupied is crucial in preventing destructive behavior or aggression, given their abundant energy levels. Daily exercise is necessary to channel their vitality positively and maintain their overall well-being.

Chinese Shar-Pei: 8 to 10 years

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With a tranquil and self-reliant disposition, these dogs show a subdued demeanor. They avoid hyperactivity and excessive playfulness and thrive in homes where owners provide space without being excessively needy. Typically, they display aversion towards kids and other animals, owing to their territoriality. Early socialization training during puppyhood is important to foster positive interactions. Like their counterparts with “smushed” facial structures, they are sensitive to extreme climates.

Newfoundland: 8 to 10 years


Newfoundlands are versatile pets, prepared to partake in any desired activity. Originating from cold climates, their dense fur can be clipped short during summer months to aid in heat management, increasing their adaptability to various weather conditions. Famous for their patience and kindness, they relish the company of children, making them ideal family pets. Newfoundlands require constant companionship and may struggle with being left alone for extended periods.

Saint Bernard: 8 to 11 years


Known for their affectionate and sociable habits, the Saint Bernard breed excels in homes with kids and other pets, fostering harmonious relationships within the family dynamic. While they don’t require extensive exercise, providing daily outdoor opportunities for them to stretch and explore is essential. Due to their thick coats and origins in colder climates, Saint Bernards struggle with heat intolerance, preferring cooler temperatures for comfort. They may exhibit a strong-will during training, necessitating firm guidance.

French Bulldog: 8 to 12 years


French Bulldogs boast short, low-maintenance coats, ideal for owners seeking simplicity in grooming routines, while their innate loyalty and protective instincts make them devoted companions. However, it’s crucial to prioritize proper training and socialization to prevent any potential hostility. Famous for their playful and affectionate nature, they excel in family environments, historically referred to as “nanny dogs” for their gentleness around little ones.

Shetland Sheepdog: 8 to 12 years

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Known as “Shelties,” Shetland Sheepdogs are exceptionally intelligent and eager to please, displaying a readiness to engage in various activities and tasks. Their beautiful coats require regular conditioning and brushing to prevent tangles and mats, though they are prone to shedding despite their shorter lives. Like their television counterpart, Lassie, Shelties can be vocal and may benefit from training to manage excessive barking tendencies, ensuring they maintain a harmonious environment within the home.

Chow Chow: 8 to 12 years

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Often regarded as a “statement piece” rather than a conventional family pet, this breed exudes independence and thrives in solitude. Their territorial and aloof nature makes them unsuitable for households with children and other pets. While typically quiet and described as having a personality reminiscent of felines, they can show aggression, particularly concerning food, requiring guidance from experienced trainers to manage their behavior effectively.

Rottweiler: 9 to 10 years

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As depicted above, these dogs exude a calm and easygoing demeanor reminiscent of Hercules, showcasing their robust and muscular physique alongside their unwavering loyalty and courage. Contrary to hyperactivity and neediness, this breed is characterized by their composure. With their keen brains and attentiveness, they excel as working dogs, demonstrating gentleness and amiability in family settings unless directed otherwise through training. 

Boxer: 9 to 10 years

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Boxers are anything but mean despite their muscular appearance, showcasing loving and friendly dispositions towards both people and other animals. Renowned for their intelligence, they readily respond to training efforts, making them a joy to work with. However, given their preference for mild climates, caution is warranted when exposing them to extreme climates ensuring their comfort and well-being. Due to their inherent prey drive, they may try to chase and intimidate small, furry animals.

Neapolitan Mastiff: 7-9 years


Here is a giant breed of dog known for its gentle and loyal temperament. These mastiffs are also very protective of their families. However, they have a relatively short lifespan due to their large size and tendency to develop several health problems like hip dysplasia and arthritis.

Scottish Deerhound: 8-11 year


These dogs are sighthounds, which means they hunt by sight rather than scent. Famous for their docile temperament, they make good companions for families. Scottish Deerhounds are also relatively low-maintenance dogs in terms of exercise needs.

Flat-Coated Retriever: 8-10 years


Flat-Coated Retrievers are energetic and intelligent dogs that are eager to please. As excellent swimmers and retrievers, they can join families in various activities. They require a moderate amount of exercise each day.

Broholmer: 8-10 years

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This breed is typically large and powerful and was originally bred for guarding property. They are loyal and protective of their families but can also be stubborn and independent. To train them, one needs a firm hand.

Borzoi: 9-14 years


Borzoi are sighthounds known for their regal appearance and gentle temperament. Calm and intelligent, these dogs can be good with children. While they may be relatively low-maintenance regarding exercise needs, they require a fenced-in yard because of their strong prey drive.

Leonberger: 8-9 years


This beauty, known for its lush golden coat and calm temperament, unfortunately, has one of the shorter lifespans among dog breeds, typically living only 8 to 9 years. Despite this, Leonbergers bring joy and loyalty to families.


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