15 Animals That Scare Off Coyotes

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The coyote is an adaptable and resilient predator that thrives in diverse habitats throughout North and Central America. Even so, they are not without predators and threats, as larger, more powerful animals can intimidate or endanger them. Coyotes are afraid of several animals, ranging from apex predators like gray wolves to formidable competitors like the bobcat. Here are 15 of them.

Gray Wolf

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These apex predators are bigger and stronger than coyotes. Gray wolves are known to dominate and drive away coyotes from their domain, especially in areas where their ranges overlap.

Mountain Lion

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Also called cougars or pumas, mountain lions are skilled predators that can overpower coyotes. They are solitary hunters and can pose a significant danger to coyotes, mostly in confrontations over food or territory.

Black Bear

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Black bears generally avoid confrontations but are much larger and stronger than coyotes. In rare instances, black bears may attack coyotes, especially if they feel threatened or if there is competition for resources.

Grizzly Bear

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Found in some regions where coyotes live, grizzly bears are highly intimidating to most animals, including coyotes. Thanks to their bulk, strength, and belligerent nature, they’re a formidable threat to coyotes.

Bobcat

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Bobcats are fierce predators that can challenge coyotes for territory. Although they are roughly the same size as coyotes, they are known for their agility and hunting prowess, which can make them dangerous in conflicts.

Eurasian Lynx

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Where their ranges overlap, Eurasian lynx are bigger and more powerful than coyotes. These skilled hunters can compete with coyotes for food and domain, posing a threat to them.

Golden Eagle

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While not a direct threat on the ground, golden eagles can prey on young or weak coyotes. Their powerful talons and keen eyesight make them a potential predator for coyotes in certain situations.

Red Fox

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Red foxes are known to be territorial and may compete with coyotes for what to eat and space. While roughly the same size as coyotes, their territorial behavior can lead to confrontations between the two species.

Great Horned Owl

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Like golden eagles, great horned owls are not direct ground threats to coyotes but can prey on small coyotes, mainly juveniles or injured individuals. Their nocturnal hunting behavior makes them a potential threat in certain places.

Coyote Pack

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Intraspecific competition can be fierce among coyotes, and larger or more aggressive coyote packs can intimidate smaller ones. This rivalry can lead to conflicts over food, territory, or mating opportunities.

Large Dog Breeds

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Certain big dog breeds, such as Great Pyrenees, Anatolian Shepherds, and Kangal Dogs, are bred to protect livestock and can deter coyotes. Their strength, bigness, and protective instincts mean they are a threat to coyotes that may prey on livestock.

Bison

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Bison share some regions with coyotes and these large animals and can be belligerent when threatened. While they are herbivores and not predators, their largeness can deter coyotes from approaching them.

Moose

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Even though they are generally non-aggressive, moose can be dangerous if provoked. Their large size and strong hooves make them a potential threat to coyotes, mostly if they feel threatened or if there is competition for resources.

American Alligator

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Alligators are the top predators in their swamp and marsh territories. Coyotes, being smaller mammals, fall within the alligator’s potential prey range. If a coyote ventures too close to the water’s edge or into alligator territory while searching for food, it could become a meal.

Humans 

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Humans don’t prey on coyotes on a normal day, but our hunting of other animals and habitat destruction activities can negatively impact their populations. Human presence can also lead to conflicts between coyotes and humans, especially in urban or suburban areas.

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